Difference between ser and estar in Spanish

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Some differences between 'ser' and 'estar' in Spanish language is as follows.


Use of 'ser'

  • 'Ser' is used to describe a permanent feature:
    • Jose es aburrido. (Jose is boring)
    • Esta ciruela es negra. (This plumb is black. What' kind of plumb is it? Black.)

Use of 'estar'

  • 'Estar' is used to describe a transitory feature:
    • Jose está aburrido (Jose is bored).
    • Esta ciruela está verde (This plumb is green -Meaning: This plumb is unripped-. How is this plumb? It is green.)
  • With some words_:
  • Está bien. Está mal. (Incorrect: Es bien. Es mal.)

Spanish teacher CV- Elisabeth Smith

elsmi1307@gmail.com Telephone upon request


  • Spanish Teacher, Central School, Liverpool, UK, September 2010-Present

From second to eigth grade, teach five separate classes daily at private school. Created board games, visual aids and all course materials Initiated grammar and dedicated reading program Planned school's first-ever field trip to see a Spanish theatre group.

  • Private Tutor, London, UK, 2008-2010

Worked one-on-one with elementary school students in Spanish.


Meridian College, London Bachelor of Arts in Spanish; Secondary Education Minor Cum Laude Graduate

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